Failure of Democracy in Pakistan
Democracy is perceived to be the most effective system of the government. In a functional democracy people choose their representatives through votes in the elections. As a result the people get a chance to play their role in the affairs of the government through their representatives, who protect and safeguard the interests of their voters. Furthermore, in a true democratic dispensation the rule of law and many other basic rights are guaranteed to the people. As a result the general public can enjoy a life according to their own ideals and aspirations. So a democratic government is a government of the people, as Abraham Lincoln once said, “Democracy is a government of the people, by the people, for the people”.
However, in Pakistan the democratic project has failed miserably to guarantee rule of law and other basic rights to the people. There are many reasons for its failure to take roots in the country.
Firstly, the election process must be transparent for a democracy to work properly. However, in Pakistan the allegations of rigging and other voter fraud prop up after every election, whereby, the opposition parties accuse the government of foul play and rigging.
Resultantly, the opposition parties resort to protests and long marchs against the government which creates political instability and anarchy in the country. This has been happening for the last 50 years, however no substantial steps have been taken to make the election process transparent by the successive governments in the past.
Furthermore, as a result of these political movements a number of martial laws have been imposed in the country that has further darkened the prospects of democratic rule in the country.
Secondly, three pillars of democracy have also failed to play their role in strengthening the democratic rule.
Thirdly, the interference of military establishment directly and indirectly in the political process has also deteriorated the chances of democracy taking roots in the country.
Fourthly, the feudalistic politicians, elites, bureaucrats establishment and dynastic politicians have all played a very negative role in the failure of democracy in Pakistan for their own vested interests.
To sum up, all the above stated reasons for the failure of democracy in Pakistan need to be gotten rid of for a prosperous and democratic Pakistan.